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E-Content Information

Partial List of E-Numbers

After numerous approaches from members of the Muslim Community in New Zealand we have put out a ingredient list for guidance.We are also concerned at some of the lists that are currently in circulation within the Muslim community in New Zealand that may be incorrect and cause concern amongst the ummah.

However on this occasion we have decided to use the resources available internationally since the approved additives are available universally and the issues faced by Muslims is same the world over. By using international links it also ensures at least some consistency.

It must be realised the list below will never be complete or exhaustive, since the business of food ingredients/additives is rapidly evolving with advancing technology. A classification that is relevant today may change next year. Furthermore there is a demand from consumers and push from manufacturers for new, exotic, more functional ingredients. This is why we refer to the list as "partial".

In the New Zealand market there have been some changes to the labelling requirements based on the Aust NZ Food Authority (ANZFA) requirements that came into effect end of 2002. This will require food manufacturers/sellers to clearly label their products with all ingredients and display a nutrition panel. This will assist in identifying questionable additives.

The only way of clarifying whether an ingredient is questionable or not is to contact the manufacturer, (if the product does not already have a Halal Certification from a reputable organisation like FIANZ, in which case this has been checked for you.). From our experience of the NZ Food Industry we have found the organisations will generally provide true and accurate information regarding their products. To do otherwise they risk making false claims, bad publicity and loss of consumers if caught out. However Allah ( SWT) knows best of all.

Most food companies have an 0800 freephone number on their packs for feedbacks/comments. Please use this free service to clarify your concerns since consuming Halal food is solely YOUR responsibility.

Also providing feedback logs a request for Halal food in companies database which they use for developing future products. As consumers we must realise there is no force for change more potent (for businesses) than the power of the consumer!

FIANZ - Halal Committee


 

We frequently receive inquiries about E-Numbers and whether they are Halal or not. Since the list of E-Numbers is continuously changing, as new ingredients are added, it is difficult to maintain a fully updated list. However, we have prepared a partial list of some of the questionable or problematic ingredients that need further checking or should be avoided if you are unable to verify its origin.

The status of the following E-Numbers is designated as:

Q1 means they are made from animal fats, plant oils or synthetic sources. They are a combination of fatty acids and other chemicals. If the source is not known, they are questionable and may be haram.

Q2 means they are made from animal or plant proteins, synthetic sources or through biotechnology. They are amino acids. If the source is not known, they are questionable and may be haram.

E-304

Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid

Antioxidant

Q1

E-322

Lecithins

Emulsifier

Q1

E-422

Glycerol

Humectant

Q1

E-431

Polyoxyethylene (40) stearate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-432

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-433

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-434

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate (polysorbate 40)

Emulsifier

Q1

E-435

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate (polysorbate 60)

Emulsifier

Q1

E-436

Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate (polysorbate 65)

Emulsifier

Q1

E-442

Ammonium phosphatides

Emulsifier

Q1

E-445

Glycerol esters of wood rosins

Emulsifier

Q1

E-470a

Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-470b

Magnesium salts of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-471

Mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472a

Acetic acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472a

Acetic acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472b

Lactic acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472c

Citric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472d

Tartaric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472e

Mono and diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-472f

Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and di-glycerides of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-473

Sucrose esters of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-474

Sucroglycerides

Emulsifier

Q1

E-475

Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-476

Polyglycerol polyricionleate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-477

Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids

Emulsifier

Q1

E-479

Thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids

  Emulisifier

Q1

E-481

Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-482

Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-483

Stearyl tartrate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-491

Sorbitan monostearate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-492

Sorbitan tristearate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-493

Sorbitan monolaurate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-494

Sorbitan monooleate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-495

Sorbitan monopalmitate

Emulsifier

Q1

E-570

Fatty acids

Glazing Agent

Q1

E-620

Glutamic acid

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-621

Monosodium glutamate

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-622

Monopotassium glutamate

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-623

Calcium diglutamate

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-624

Monoammonium diglutamate

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-625

Magnesium diglutamate

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2 

E-640

Glycine and its sodium salt

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-920

L-Cysteine hydrochloride

  Flavour Enhancer

Q2

E-951

Aspartame

Sweetener

Q2

E-1518

Glycerol triacetate (triacetin)-Propan-1,2-diol (propylene glycol)

Humectant

Q2

(Adapted from Islamic Food and Nutrition Council of North America List.) The above list only contains products that may be questionable, NOT the entire list of additives.

To download a printable copy click on the attachment below:

Attachment: