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Food Additives Information

Food Additive IFANCA List 

 

Note: Only ingredients classified as additives have an E Code Number. Naturally occurring ingredients do not eg: Gelatine, sugar, whey etc. 

 

Food Additive

Functions

Islamic Status

1.

Acetic acid 260

Acidulent, preservative, flavouring agent

Halal

2.

Adipic acid 355

Acidulent, flavouring agent

Halal

3.

Agar 406

Gelling agent

Halal

4.

Albumin

Protein fortifier, binder

Questionable (1)

5.

Algin 400

Thickening, binding & gelling agent

Halal

6.

Annatto 160B

Color

Halal

7.

Artificial colour/flavour

Many types

Adds colour and/or flavour

Many Numbers

Questionable (1) (2)

8.

Ascorbic acid 300

Vitamin C, dough conditioner, antioxidant

Halal

9.

Aspartame 951

Sweetener

Halal

10.

Benzoic acid 210

Preservative

Halal

11.

Beta carotene 160

Colorant, Vitamin A

Halal

12.

BHA Butylated Hydroxyanisole 320

Antioxidant

Halal

13.

BHT Butylated Hydroxytoluene 321

Antioxidant

Halal

14.

Caffeine

Beverage additive

Halal

15.

Calcium caseinate

Protein fortifier, binding agent, whipping agent

Halal

16.

Calcium propionate 282

Preservative, mold inhibitor

Halal

17.

Calcium silicate 552

Anti-caking agent

Halal

18.

Calcium stearoyl lactylate 482

Whipping agent, dough conditioner, emulsifier

Questionable (1)

19.

Calcium sulfate 516

Calcium source, filler, firming agent

Halal

20.

Caramel 150

Colorant

Halal

21.

Carrageenan 407

Stabiliser, gelling agent

Halal

22.

Citric acid 330

Acidulent, antioxidant

Halal

23.

Cornstarch

Thickener

Halal

24.

Dextrin 1400

Adhesive, flavour carrier

Halal

25.

Diammonium phosphate

Leavening agent

Halal

26.

Dipotassium phosphate

Emulsifier, buffering agent

Halal

27.

Disodium guanylate/627

Inosinate 631

Flavour enhancers

Halal

28.

EDTA

Sequestrant

Halal

29.

Enzymes

Active additives

Questionable (4)

30.

Erythorbic acid 315

Preservative

Halal

31.

Ethyl alcohol

Extracting agent

Haram

32.

Ferric orthophosphate

Food supplement

Halal

33.

Ferrous fumarate

Food supplement

Halal

34.

Ferrous gluconate 579

Food supplement

Halal

35.

Fumaric acid 297

Acidulent

Halal

36.

Gelatin

Gelling agent

Questionable (3)

37.

Glutamic acid

Flavour enhancer

Questionable (1)

38.

Glycerin 422

Humectant, crystallisation modifier, plasticiser

Questionable (1)

39.

Glyceryl monolaurate 445

Emulsifier

Questionable (1)

40.

Glycine 640

Dietary supplement, rancidity retardant

Questionable (1)

41.

Guar gum 412

Stabiliser, thickening agent

Halal

42.

Gum base many types

Gum

Questionable (1)

43.

Hydrolyzed vegetable protein (HVP)

Flavour enhancer

Halal

44.

Isopropyl citrate

Antioxidant

Halal

45.

Lactic acid 270

Adjusts acidity, flavouring agent, preservative

Halal

46.

Lactylated fatty acid esters 472

Emulsifiers

Questionable (1)

47.

Lard

Hog/ Pig fat

Haram

48.

Lecithin (soy) 322

Emulsifier, dough stabiliser, anti-sticking agent, viscosity reducer, wetting agent

Halal

49.

Magnesium stearate

Lubricant, binder, emulsifier, anticaking agent

Questionable (1)

50.

Maltodextrin 965

Texturizer, crystallisation inhibitor, bulking agent

Halal

51.

Methylcellulose 465

Thickener

Halal

52.

Methylsalicylate

Flavouring agent

Halal

53.

Monoglyceride and Diglyceride 471

Emulsifiers, dough conditioners, texture improvers

Questionable (1)

54.

Mono-sodium glutamate (MSG) 621

Flavour enhancer

Halal

55.

Oleoresins Oil Resins

Color and flavour additives

Questionable (1)

56.

Oxystearin

Crystallisation inhibitor, release agent

Questionable (1)

57.

Pectin 440

Gelling agent

Halal

58.

Phosphoric acid 338

Acidulent

Halal

59.

Polysorbates 433,435,436

Emulsifiers

Questionable (1)

60.

Potassium citrate 332

Sequestrant and buffering agent

Halal

61.

Potassium sorbate

Preservative

Halal

62.

Potassium stearate

Binder, emulsifier, plasticiser in chewing gum base

Questionable (1)

63.

Propyl gallate 310

Antioxidant

Halal

64.

Propylene glycol 1520

Humectant, solvent

Halal

65.

Propylene glycol alginate 405

Thickener, stabiliser, emulsifier

Halal

66.

Propylene glycol monostearate 477

Dispersing aid, crystal stabiliser, aeration increaser

Questionable (1)

67.

Rennet

Milk coagulant used primarily in cheese

Questionable (4)

68.

Saccharine

Sweetener

Halal

69.

Shortening

Animal or vegetable fats or oils

Questionable (1)

70.

Silicon dioxide 551

Anticaking

Halal

71.

Sodium acid pyrophosphate

Leavening agent, preservative, sequestrant

Halal

72.

Sodium alginate 401

Thickener, binder, gelling agent

Halal

73.

Sodium ascorbate 301

Antioxidant, nutrient

Halal

74.

Sodium benzoate 211

Preservative

Halal

75.

Sodium bicarbonate 500

Leavening agent

Halal

76.

Sodium caseinate

Protein fortifier, emulsifier, binding agent, whipping agent

Halal

77.

Sodium citrate 331

Sequestrant

Halal

78.

Sodium erythorbate 316

Antioxidant

Halal

79.

Sodium hexametaphos-phate 339

Binding agent

Halal

80.

Sodium lauryl sulfate 481

Whipping agent, emulsifier

Questionable (1)

81.

Sodium nitrate 251

Antimicrobial agent, preservative

Halal

82.

Sodium nitrite 250

Antimicrobial agent, preservative

Halal

83.

Sodium propionate 281

Preservative

Halal

84.

Sodium silico aluminate 554

Anticaking and conditioning agent

Halal

85.

Sodium stearate 481

Binder, emulsifier, anticaking agent

Questionable (1)

86.

Sodium sulfite 221

Preservative

Halal

87.

Sorbitan monostearate 491

Emulsifier, surfactant, dispersant

Questionable (1)

88.

Sorbitol 420

Humectant

Halal

89.

Stannous chloride 512

Antioxidant, preservative

Halal

90.

Stearic acid 570

Lubricant, binder, defoamer

Questionable (1)

91.

Stearoyl lactylate

Dough conditioner, emulsifier, whipping agent

Questionable (1)

92.

Sulfur dioxide 220

Preservative, anti-microbial

Halal

93.

Tallow

Animal fat

Questionable (1)

94.

Tartaric acid 334

Flavour enhancer, acidulent

Halal

95.

Titanium dioxide 171

Colouring agent

Halal

96.

Vanilla

Flavourant

Questionable (2)

97.

Vanillin

Flavourant

Questionable (2)

98.

Vinegar

Acidulent, flavourant

Halal

99.

Whey

Source of lactose, milk solids, whey proteins

Questionable (4)

100.

Yeast

Leavening and fermenting agent

Halal

101.

Zein

Coating agent

Halal

  1. Source may be derived from, or contain ingredients of, animal origin.
  2. May contain ethyl alcohol which is haram.
  3. May be derived from pork. If gelatin is from fish or halal-slaughtered animals, it is halal.
  4. ​Rennet and other enzymes may come from non-halal slaughtered animals. Whey, a cheese by-product, may be derived from milk curdled with questionable rennet or enzymes.

Allah ( SWT) knows best.

Source: IFANCA HALAL STANDARD

To download a printable copy click on the attachment below: